A windshield wiper system is a mechanism used to wipe rain and snow from a windshield. It consists of a motor, typically an electric motor with an adjacent worm drive or differential that drives the wipers via a shaft, as […]
A windshield wiper system is a mechanism used to wipe rain and snow from a windshield. It consists of a motor, typically an electric motor with an adjacent worm drive or differential that drives the wipers via a shaft, as well as some form of a flexible wiping element that touches the glass. Many wiper systems are entirely electric.
Many modern cars use an intermittent wipe, where the wipers will only operate when there is enough water on the windscreen to warrant it; this prevents constant operation of the wipers for minor wetting. Some wiper systems are single-use (such as those using non-reusable blades), others are multi-use and can wipe many times without replacement.
What are the uses of windshield wipers?
Windshield wipers provide a layer of glass protection and allow the driver to see through windscreen glass. These systems are used in both light and heavy rain as well as snow and ice. Drivers also use their wipers to clear rainwater, frost, snow, dirt, dust, condensation, etc. from the windscreen.
Some common components of a Wipers System:
-Electric motor: The electric motor is what is used to power the wipers. There are many different types of electric motors, but they all operate with one thing in mind; turning a shaft. The electric motor is the only part that requires an external power source, thus making this system entirely electric.
-Shaft: The other half of creating motion within the motor itself, the shaft is where all the magic happens. It’s what keeps everything in order inside your car’s engine bay, and utilizes gears to create the perfect amount of torque.
-Wiper Blades: The wiper blades are what actually wipe the water off your windshield. The rubber is specially designed to wipe off the water, while still being safe to use on glass surfaces. These wipers do not need an external power source, they simply rely on simple physics to create motion.
-Wiper Arm: The wiper arm is a metal rod that moves the wiper blades back and forth across your windshield. The arm attaches to the underside of the chassis of your car, and is able to pivot up and down as necessary, allowing it to attach at different heights on the windshield. Finally, these wipers do not require an external power source, they run on the motion created by the arm itself.
-Wiper Switch: The wiper switch is a simple device without much function at all; it simply turns your wipers on and off when necessary. This does require an electrical power source (battery), thus making this a part of a windshield wiper system.
In its most basic form, the components of a windshield wiper system are an electric motor, shaft, wipers blades, and arms, as well as some kind of power source (battery). In more advanced systems, there may be additional components such as a wiper switch or wiper fluid reservoir. Although this system has many components, each one serves a vital function in keeping your windshield clear during inclement weather, thus allowing you to see clearly when driving.
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